and Event Center
264 S. Camino del Pueblo
Bernalillo, New Mexico
Pueblo of Jemez
Walatowa Visitor Center
7413 Highway 4
Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico
Jemez State Monument is a special place to learn about the history of the Jemez Mountain Trail area. This monument has exhibitions and self-guided tours. Ranger-guided tours are also given upon request. Currently, over 500,000 people visit this and Bandelier National Monument every year.
The pueblo was first built in the AD 1500s by ancestors of the modern residents of Jemez Pueblo. The Jemez people lived a typical Southwestern lifestyle for that time. They raised corn, beans and squash in Jemez Canyon along the Jemez River and also up on the nearby mesas. They hunted deer, rabbits, elk, and other game from the forests. They had plenty of water from the Jemez River, and hot springs nearby. In the best of times they may have had a somewhat idyllic life, but the climate could be fickle.
Jemez State Monument consists of the ruins of an ancient pueblo of the Jemez people known as Giusewa and the ruins of a 17th Century Spanish Mission known as San Jose de los Jemez. The mission had a unique octagonal-shaped bell tower. There is a museum and signed trail at the Monument, which is part of New Mexico State Monuments. For more information contact 505-829-3530.
North and west of La Cueva off Hwy 4 and Hwy 126 you will find many enjoyable fishing spots, including popular Fenton Lake, which offers picnic areas, wheelchair accessible platforms and ice fishing. For more information contact 505-829-3630.
Bandelier National Monument is a wonderful place to see the ruins of many cliff houses and pueblo style dwellings of 13th-century Pueblo Indians. The Monument is a special place to learn about the history of the Jemez Mountain Trail area. This monument has exhibitions and self-guided tours. Ranger-guided tours are also given upon request. Currently, over 500,000 people visit this and Jemez State Monument every year. For more information contact 505-672-3861.
The one million-year-old Valles Caldera (15-mi diameter) is the centerpiece of the Jemez Volcanic Field in North Central New Mexico. The caldera was formed when the volcanic pile collapsed in response to a huge eruption of ash from the magma chamber. Subsequent resurgence of magma formed domes along the caldera ring fracture, including Redondo Peak which is over 3000 feet above the caldera floor.
Today the Baca Ranch encompasses most of the Valles Caldera. After two years of negotiations, the White House reached an agreement to buy the 95,000 acre ranch for $101 million to permanently protect as national preserve lands. A bill appropriating the money was passed by the U.S. Congress and signed by President Clinton late in 1999. Authorizing legislation, called the Valles Caldera Preservation Act, H.R. 3288/S. 1892, passed the House and Senate and was signed by President Clinton on July 25, 2000.
The Valles Caldera National Preserve is managed by a board of trustees appointed by the president and will be opened to the public within two years. Members of the Valles Caldera Trust hold regular board meetings to share information with the public as they formulate plans for the Preserve. For more information contact 505-661-3333.